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Knee Arthritis

  • Arthritis causes inflammation in one or more of the body’s joint and can affect any joint in the body but it is particularly common in the knee.
  • Daily activities such as walking or climbing stairs can become increasingly difficult for patients suffering from arthritis in the knee.
  • The disease can affect both adults and children. There is no cure for Arthritis but there are many treatment options to ease the pain and keep patients active.

Osteoarthritis
The most common form of arthritis in the knee is called Osteoarthritis and is a degenerative decease. It mostly occurs in people over 50 years of age but can affect younger people as well.
Causes
Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage in the knee joint to gradually wear off causing it to become frayed and rough with the protective space between the bones to decreases.  This results in the bones rubbing together and forming a painful bone spur.
 Symptoms

  • Stiff painful joints after the joint being overused or a lake of activity
  • Pain in the joint that gets worse after activity or towards the end of the day.
  • The pain may come and go without affecting the patient’s ability to perform everyday tasks. However this is not the case for patents with sever osteoarthritis who will find it difficult to walk, climb stairs and do other daily tasks.

 

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Arthritis of the knee can cause tenderness, stiffness and swelling in the joint.  Rheumatoid arthritis can cause more severe pain than osteoarthritis. This form of arthritis usually affects the same joints on both sides of the body, whereas osteoarthritis is usually asymmetrical.
Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs.
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative, “wear-and-tear” type of arthritis that occurs most often in people 40 years of age and older, but may occur in younger people, too. Osteoarthritis develops slowly and gradually gets worse over time.
In osteoarthritis, as the cartilage wears away, it becomes frayed and rough, and the protective space between the bones decreases. This can result in bone rubbing on bone, and produce painful bone spurs.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, autoimmune disease that is symmetrical in nature, meaning it usually affects the same joints on both sides of the body.  The immune system attacks its own tissues and damages normal tissue. In rheumatoid arthritis the synovial membrane that covers the knee joint begins to swell, resulting in stiffness and knee pain, particularly in the mornings.

 

Posttraumatic Arthritis
Posttraumatic arthritis s developed after an injury to the knee. An injury, such as a broken bone can cause damage to the surface of the joint and lead to arthritis long after it happened. A knee joint suffering from arthritis can be painful and develops slowly over time. Ligament injuries and meniscal tears can cause instability and additional wear on the knee joint, which over time can result in arthritis.

 

Symptoms

  • The knee joint can become swollen and stiff making it difficult to bend the knee back and forth.
  • The swelling and pain can be worse after sitting, resting or in the morning.
  • Excessive physical activity can aggravate that pain
  • Lose fragments of tissue or cartilage can affect the smooth movement of the joint.
  • The knee can lock, snap or make a grinding noise during movement
  • Patient may feel week due to the pain.

 

Treatment

  • Customize orthotics and specialized foot-ware can help change the muscle activation and gait patterns to reduce joint loading.
  • Stretching exercises can help keep the knee joint more flexible, stable and reduce the pain.
  • Overweight patients are recommend to live a healthy lifestyle and loss excess weight which will help reduce knee pain.
  • Use an unloader brace which will take the weight away from the side of the affected knee or a support brace that provides support for the whole knee.

 

Surgery may be considered if non-surgical treatments fail to work.