A Jones’ Fracture describes a fracture at the base of the fifth metatarsal bone (long bone of the foot) near the bony bump (styloid process) on the outside of the midfoot. This is the most common type of metatarsal fracture and can limit your ability to walk and perform daily activities.
A Jones’ fracture can either develop over time like a stress fracture, or may occur suddenly as a result of trauma or injury. Inversion sprains or twisting motions where the outside of the foot suddenly comes in contact with the ground can result in a Jones fracture. It may also develop from repetitive stress over time that causes small hairline cracks and leads to a gradual onset of painful symptoms.
Symptoms of a Jones’ fracture can include:
The first step to treatment is differentiating a Jones fracture from other fractures that can occur in the same region, such as an avulsion fracture or a spiral/oblique shaft fracture. Resting, using ice, avoiding painful activity and taking anti-inflammatories where appropriate can then help to reduce painful symptoms. Because the area of the Jones’ fracture has a lower blood supply than other foot regions, it can make healing slower and more difficult.
Treatment then needs to address the cause of the fracture to reduce the risk of it happening again, particularly where the cause is repetitive stress to the region. This may include: